NATIONAL INSTITUTE for LASER, PLASMA and RADIATION PHYSICS
  LABORATORY of SOLID-STATE QUANTUM ELECTRONICS




HORIZON 2020 - THE FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME FOR RESEARCH AND INNOVATION 2014-2020

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PROJECT TYPE:                    H2020 - TWINN - 2015 - Twinning
TITLE:                                    LASER IGNITION - A TWINNING COLLABORATION FOR FRONTIER RESEARCH IN ECO-FRIENDLY FUEL-SAVING COMBUSTION
FINANCING:                           EUROPEAN UNION, Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme
PROJECT NUMBER:               LASIG-TWIN 691688

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PROJECT
DIRECTOR:            Dr. Nicolaie PAVEL
Email:                                   nicolaie.pavel@inflpr.ro
 

PERIOD:                               January 2016 - December 2018 (36 months)

COORDINATOR:
                   
INFLPR: National Institute for Laser, Plasma and Radiation Physics, Magurele 077125, Ilfov, ROMANIA
PARTNERS:                         
UBTUNIVERSITAET BAYREUTH, Bayreuth, GERMANY / Prof. Dr. Dieter BRUEGGEMANN  (http://www.lttt.uni-bayreuth.de/en/index.html)
                                             UL: THE UNIVERSITY OF LIVERPOOL, Liverpool, UNITED KINGDOM / Prof. Dr. Geoffrey DEARDEN  (https://www.liverpool.ac.uk/engineering/)
                                             ● CNRS: CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE, Chatenay-Malabry, FRANCE / Prof. Dr. Laurent ZIMMER  (http://www.em2c.ecp.fr/le_laboratoire_em2c)
                                             ● IOF: FRAUNHOFER GESELLSCHAFT ZUR FOERDERUNG DER ANGEWANDTEN FORSCHUNG EV, Jena, GERMANY / Dr. Erik BECKERT  (http://www.iof.fraunhofer.de/)

ESTIMATED BUDGET

Maximum Grant amount:        1.066.112,50 EUR, of which

                                                 INFLPR:       354.375 EUR

                                                 UBT:            167.500 EUR

                                                 UL:              172.362,50 EUR

                                                 CNRS:         173.125 EUR

                                                 IOF:             198.750 EUR

Official project web page:             http://www.lasig-twin.eu/

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SUMMARY  

The objective of LASIG-TWIN is to create a networking collaboration between the Romanian National Institute for Laser, Plasma and Radiation Physics (INFLPR) and its Laboratory of Solid-State Quantum Electronics (ECS) and four other high renowned institutes from Germany, the UK and France, providing a unique opportunity for INFLPR and its partners to significantly increase their science excellence and visibility, technology innovation capacity and industrial exploitation capability in the fields of laser spark plug for fossil fuel efficient combustion fundamentals and applications. The project will focus on the key target actions of composing Teams of Excellence, an ambitious Training and Lecturing Program and the Roadmap for a future collaboration, organizing short term Staff Exchanges (Training) and Expert Visits (Lectures) that will help raise INFLPR’s research profile as well the one of the partnering institutes, organize two public Summers School type activities, internal and external expert driven Technology Workshops and Business-to-Business (B2B) meetings in conjunction with industry and academia clusters, and finally bringing the world-renowned Laser Ignition Conference (LIC) in 2017 to the INFLPR in Romania to increase INFLPR’s, the Romanian and the European visibility in the fields of Laser Ignition. The technological topic addresses the major challenge of mankind to lower the carbon footprint by efficient energy usage, thus LASIG-TWIN will also have a significant societal impact. Dissemination will take care of this aspect by bringing the networking ideas to a broad public, from experts, the science community and industry stakeholder organization, to the interested, nonprofessional crowd, making society more aware of the importance of fuel efficiency and of the effects of EU funded Research and Development.
 

LIST of WORK PACKAGES
WP1. Teaming, Laboratory Training, Workshop and Summer School Program Setup and Scheduling.
WP2Workshops.
WP3. Teaming, Laboratory Training and Lecturing Program.
WP4. Summer Schools.
WP5. Laser Ignition Conference 2017.
WP6. Roadmapping.
WP7. Managing and Dissemination. 
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THE KICKOFF MEETING
The project kickoff meeting was held in Magurele, Bucharest, Romania, 20-22 January 2016: pdf
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 ● THE TWINNING COORDINATOR'S DAY
The “Twinning Coordinators’ Day” was held on 14 March 2016 in Brussels, Belgium (https://d4w-twinn.pub.ro/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/AgendaTWINNINGC.pdf).
The meeting was attended by Nicolaie PAVEL and Traian DASCALU from INFLPR, Romania.
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
The 4th Laser Ignition Conference (LIC '16), 18-20 May 2016, Pacifico Yokohama, Yokohama, Japan (http://lic.opicon.jp/)
The LASIG-TWIN project was acknowledges in two invited talk (LIC6-1 and LIC8-3), two oral presentations (LIC2-2 and LIC2-7) and a poster presentation (LICp-1).
During the Committee Meeting (20 May 2016, 12:00-13:00) a proposal was made by N. Pavel, on behalf of the LASIG-TWIN partners, to hold the 5th Laser Ignition Conference in Bucharest, Romania.
The Committee accepted this proposal and the conference dates were decided for 21-23 June 2017, in Bucharest. This announcement was made during the conference final session
"Awards and Closing remarks", 20 May 2016, 17:45-18:00.

The 5th Laser Ignition Conference (LIC '17): 20-23 June 2017, Bucharest, Romania
Place:    - NOVOTEL BUCHAREST CITY CENTRE HOTEL, Calea Victoriei 37B, Bucharest, 010061, Romania

Information about LIC '17, like location, travel and accommodation or submission guidelines, is available in the conference web page:
http://www.osa.org/en-us/meetings/topical_meetings/laser_ignition_conference/

The 5th Laser Ignition Conference (LIC '17) ended on 23 June 2017. Some closing remarks are available here: pdf

● 
A photo taken during the 5th Laser Ignition Conference (LIC '17), 20-23 June 2017, Bucharest, Romania is shown below.

                                                            

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WP2. WORKSHOPS

Workshop 1: History, Status and Future of Laser Ignited Combustion Engines
Hosting institution:    INFLPR
Period:                         29-30 September 2016
                                     - The Programme:                pdf
                                     - The workshop poster:         pdf
                                     - The list of participants:       pdf
                                     - Information:                       pdf

Workshop 2: Laser Ignition Measurements and Characterization
Hosting institution:    University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
Period:                         10 - 11 November 2016
                                     - The Programme:                pdf

Workshop 4: Engine Applications of Laser Ignition
Hosting institution:    University of Liverpool, School of Engineering, Liverpool L69 3GQ, Liverpool, UK
Period:                         8 - 9 January  2018
                                     - The Programme:                pdf
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

WP3. TEAMING, LABORATORY TRAINING AND LECTURING PROGRAM

TEAMING

Team 1 (T1): Standardization for Science to Application Transfer in Laser Ignition Measurement and Characterization
Hosting institution:    University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
T1-1: Period:               23-24 June 2016
Participants:                UBT:                              Prof. Dr.
BRUEGGEMANN Dieter, Dr. LORENZ Sebastian, Dr. HEINZ Peter, Mr. BAErwinkel Mark  
                                       INFLPR:                       Dr. DASCALU Traian,  Dr. PAVEL Nicolaie, Mrs. CROITORU Gabriela, Mrs. GRIGORE Oana Valeria      
                                       CNRS:                          Prof. Dr. ZIMMER Laurent
                                       IOF:                               Dr. BECKERT Erik

T1-2: Period:               14-15 November 2016
Participants:                UBT:                              Prof. Dr.
BRUEGGEMANN Dieter, Mr. BAErwinkel Mark  
                                       INFLPR:                       Dr. PAVEL Nicolaie, Mrs. CROITORU Gabriela, Mrs. GRIGORE Oana Valeria

T1-3: Period:               25-27 September 2017
Participants:                UBT:                              Prof. Dr.
BRUEGGEMANN Dieter, Mr. BAErwinkel Mark, Dr. HEINZ Peter 
                                       INFLPR:                       Dr. PAVEL Nicolaie, Mrs. CROITORU Gabriela, Mrs. GRIGORE Oana Valeria, Mrs. BRANDUS Catalina Alice

T1-4: Period:               11-12 December  2017
Participants:                UBT:                              
Prof. Dr. BRUEGGEMANN Dieter, Mr. BAErwinkel Mark, Dr. HEINZ Peter   
                                       INFLPR:                       Dr. PAVEL Nicolaie, Mrs. CROITORU Gabriela, Mrs. BRANDUS Catalina Alice            

Team 2 (T2): Integration Approaches for Harsh Environmental Suitable Laser Systems
Hosting institution:    Fraunhofer-Institute for Applied Optics and Precision Engineering (IOF)
T2-1: Period:              27-28 June 2016
Participants:
               IOF:                               Dr. BECKERT Erik, Mr. Pleguezuelo Pol Ribes, Mr. MAEUSEZAHL Max
                                      INFLPR:                       Dr. PAVEL Nicolaie, Mrs. CROITORU Gabriela, Mrs. GRIGORE Oana Valeria

T2-2: Period:              23-24 January 2017
Participants:
                IOF:                               Dr. BECKERT Erik, Mr. Pleguezuelo Pol Ribes, Mr. MAEUSEZAHL Max, Mr. DAMM Christoph
                                       INFLPR:                       Dr. DASCALU Traian, Dr. PAVEL Nicolaie, Mrs. CROITORU Gabriela, Mrs. GRIGORE Oana Valeria

T2-3: Period:              08-09 May 2017
Participants:
               IOF:                               Dr. BECKERT Erik, Mr. DAMM Christoph
                                      INFLPR:                       Dr. PAVEL Nicolaie, Mrs. CROITORU Gabriela, Mrs. GRIGORE Oana Valeria

T2-4
: Period:              12-13 October  2017
Participants:
               IOF:                               Dr. BECKERT Erik, , Mr. RIBES-PLEGUEZUELO Pol, Mr. DAMM Christoph
                                      INFLPR:                       Dr. PAVEL Nicolaie, Mrs. CROITORU Gabriela, Mrs. BRANDUS Catalina Alice 

Team 3 (T3): Frontier Applications for Laser Ignition Systems
Hosting institutions:   University of Liverpool, School of Engineering, Liverpool, United Kingdom
                             
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Laboratoire d'Energetique Moleculaire et Macroscopique, Combustion, Chatenay-Malabry, France

T3-1: Period:              19-20 January 2017
Participants:
               UL:                              Prof. Dr. DEARDEN Geoffrey, Dr. KUANG Zheng, Dr. EDWARDSON Stuart, Mr. PAGE Vincent, Mr. LYON Elliot
                                     CNRS:                        
Prof. Dr. Zimmer Laurent
                                     INFLPR:                     Dr. DASCALU Traian, Dr. PAVEL Nicolaie, Mrs. CROITORU Gabriela, Mrs. GRIGORE Oana Valeria

T3-2: Period:              16-17 October  2017
Participants:
               CNRS:                         Prof. Dr. Zimmer Laurent, Prof. Dr. STANCU Gabi-Daniel
                                      UL:                               Prof. Dr. DEARDEN Geoffrey
                                      IOF:                              
Dr. BECKERT Zimmer
                                      INFLPR:                      Dr. PAVEL Nicolaie, Mrs. CROITORU Gabriela, Mrs. BRANDUS Catalina Alice 

LABORATORY TRAINING


Training 1: Optical Measurement Methodologies for Induced Plasmas, Ignition and Combustion Processes
Hosting institution:    University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
Period:                         October 2016 (09-21 October 2016).
A short report can be found here:
       pdf

LECTURES

22 March 2018:     Lecture Day at UBT
Hosting institution:    University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
                            The program, here: pdf

16 April 2018:        Lecture Day at INFLPR
Hosting institution:    INFLPR, Magurele, Romania
                            The program, here: pdf
                            The poster, here:    pdf

Lecture 1: Fundamentals of Laser Systems for Laser Ignition
Presenter:                   Dr. PAVEL Nicolaie; INFLPR

Subjects:                     Fundamentals of solid-state lasers;
                                      Diode-pumped solid-state lasers: configurations, pumping techniques and performances;
                                      Solid-state passively Q-switched lasers: approaches for compact design;
                                      High-peak power, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG lasers for ignition;
                                      Performances, drawbacks, methods to refine and improve laser devices, suitable for automobile ignition and the use in ignition of cogeneration engines.
Lecture 2: Optical (laser-based) Measuring Methods for Characterization of Induced Plasmas, Ignition and Combustion Processes
Presenter:                  
Prof. Dr. BrUEggemann Dieter, UBT
Subjects:                    Ignition processes for engine combustion;
                                     
Fundamentals and application of optical measurement techniques for characterization of ignition and combustion processes (LIF, Rayleigh scattering, Raman spectroscopy, LIBS, Schlieren technique);
                                     
Analysis of ignition and combustion processes from ns- to ms- timescale;
                                     
Temporally and spatially highly resolved measurement of laser pulse profiles, laser induced plasmas and flames.
Lecture 3: Laser Ignition in Car Engines
Presenter:                  
Prof. Dr. DEARDEN Geoffrey; UL
Subjects:                    Fundamentals of car engine ignition and control;;
                                    
Review of laser ignition approaches applied to car engines;
                                     Laser beam engineering for laser ignition;
                                     
Towards in-combustion event feedback in laser ignition;
                                     Engine performance comparisons between laser & conventional spark ignition.
Lecture 4: Laser Ignition in Aeronautical Applications
Presenter:                  
Prof. Dr. ZIMMER Laurent; CNRS
Subjects:                    Fundamentals of aeronautical injection systems and flow properties;
                                     Interaction between laser and droplets;
                                     
Plasma properties in non-premixed environment;
                                   
 Flame propagation and full engine ignition.
Lecture 5: High Temperature Suitable Bonding Technologies for Miniaturized Optomechanical Systems - Semiconductors, Crystals, Fused Silica, Ceramics and Metals
                 Integrated in One Package

Presenter:                  
Dr. beckerT Erik; IOF
Subjects:                    Fundamentals of bonding technologies for harsh environments;
                                     Intermediate layer based, inorganic bonding of metal-glass-ceramics interfaces;
                                     
Intermediate layer free bonding of oxidic, transparent interfaces for glass and crystal based components;
                                   
 Monolithic glass to glass interfaces or high power - glass melting and joining by CO2 lasers.
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WP4. SUMMER SCHOOLS

Summer School 2017

Hosting institution:    INFLPR
Period:                         19-22 July 2017
Place:                           Brasov, Romania
The Laser Ignition Summer School 2017 web page:
                    
LASIG-TWIN - 691688 - LASER IGNITION SUMMER SCHOOL 2017


Summer School 2018

Hosting institution:    INFLPR
Period:                         02-06 July 2018
Place:                            Sibiu, Romania
The Laser Ignition Summer School 2018 web page:
                    
LASIG-TWIN - 691688 - LASER IGNITION SUMMER SCHOOL 2018

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WP5. LASER IGNITION CONFERENCE 2017

Hosting institution:    INFLPR
Period:                         20-23 June 2017
Place:                           NOVOTEL BUCHAREST CITY CENTRE HOTEL, Calea Victoriei 37B, Bucharest, 010061, Romania

I
Information about LIC '17, like location, travel and accommodation or submission guidelines, is available in the conference web page:
http://www.osa.org/en-us/meetings/topical_meetings/laser_ignition_conference/
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
- LASER IGNITION CONFERENCE 2018
A short report about the participation of some people, project partners, at the 6th Laser Ignition Conference 2018, April 23-27, 2018, Pacifico Yokohama,
Yokohama, Japan can be found here:    
pdf
 
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
DISSEMINATION
- JOURNALS
1. T. Dascalu, G. Croitoru, O. Grigore, N. Pavel, “High-peak power passively Q-switched Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG composite laser with multiple-beam output,” Photonics Research, 4(6), 267-271 (2016). https://www.osapublishing.org/prj/abstract.cfm?uri=prj-4-6-267   [2016 Impact Factor: 4.679]
2. O. V. Grigore, G. Croitoru, T. Dascalu, N. Pavel, “Diode-laser edge-pumped Nd:YAG/YAG lens-shaped composite laser,” Opt. & Laser Techn. 94, 86-89 (2017).
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0030399217300270   [2016 Impact Factor: 2.109].
3. G. Croitoru (Salamu), F. Jipa, and N. Pavel, “Passive Q-switch laser operation of circular, buried depressed-cladding waveguides realized by direct fs-laser beam writing in Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG composite media,” Opt. Mat. Express 7(7), 2496-2504 (2017). https://www.osapublishing.org/ome/abstract.cfm?uri=ome-7-7-2496  [2016 Impact Factor: 2.591]
4. N. Pavel, M. Baerwinkel, P. Heinz, D. Brueggemann, G. Dearden, G. Croitoru, O. V. Grigore, “Laser Ignition - Spark Plug Development and Application in Reciprocating Engines,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 58, 1-32 (2018).
 
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0079672718300107?via%3Dihub  [2017 Impact Factor: 11.0]  (the article is available here: pdf).

- CONFERENCES
10. M. Baerwinkel and D. Brueggemann, “Laser Ignition of Quiescent and Flowing Methane/Air-Mixtures under Elevated Pressures Using a Passively Q-Switched Laser,” The 6th Laser Ignition Conference, 25-27 April 2018, Pacifico Yokohama, Yokohama, Japan, presentation LIC1-1 (invited talk) (summary available here: pdf)
9. G. Dearden, N. Pavel, M. Baerwinkel, P. Heinz, D. Brueggemann, G. Croitoru, and O. V. Grigore, “Laser spark plug developments for engine ignition,” The 6th Laser Ignition Conference, 25-27 April 2018, Pacifico Yokohama, Yokohama, Japan, presentation LIC3-1 (invited talk) (summary available here: pdf).
8. J. Yi, A. Renards and L. Zimmer, “Interaction between laser induced shock-waves and droplets,“ The 6th Laser Ignition Conference, 25-27 April 2018, Pacifico Yokohama, Yokohama, Japan, presentation LIC4-2 (invited talk) (summary available here: pdf).
7. A. Birtas, N. Boicea, F. Draghici, R. Chiriac, G. Croitoru, M. Dinca, and N. Pavel, “On the performances of a 4-cylinder automobile engine with classical spark plug and laser ignition systems,” The 6th Laser Ignition Conference, 23-27 April 2018, Pacifico Yokohama, Yokohama, Japan, oral presentation LIC3-5 (summary available here: pdf).
6. N. Pavel, O. V. Grigore, G. Croitoru, and M. Dinca, “A high-peak power passively Q-switched Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG compact laser with multiple-beam output,” The 6th Laser Ignition Conference, 23-27 April 2018, Pacifico Yokohama, Yokohama, Japan, poster presentation LICp6-1 (summary available here: pdf).
5. L. Zimmer, "Application of Laser Induced Ignition Interferometry and Plasma Spectroscopy (LI3PS) to Spray Ignition," The 5th Laser Ignition Conference, 20-23 June 2017, Bucharest, Romania; OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper LFA2.1 (invited talk); ISBN: 978-1-943580-32-3 (https://doi.org/10.1364/LIC.2017.LFA2.1). 
4. M. Baerwinkel, S. Lorenz, and D. Bruggemann, "Passively Q-Switched Laser Ignition: Influence of Focusing Properties on the Combustion of Lean Methane/Air-Mixtures," The 5th Laser Ignition Conference, 20-23 June 2017, Bucharest, Romania; OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper LFA3.3 (oral presentation); ISBN: 978-1-943580-32-3 (https://doi.org/10.1364/LIC.2017.LFA3.3).
3. G. Croitoru, O. V. Grigore, M. Dinca, N. Pavel, M. Baerwinkel, P. Heinz, D. Brueggemann, “Aspects of Air-Breakdown with a High-Peak Power Passively Q-Switched Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG Laser,” The 5th Laser Ignition Conference, 20-23 June 2017, Bucharest, Romania; OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2017), paper LWA5.9 (poster); ISBN: 978-1-943580-32-3 (https://doi.org/10.1364/LIC.2017.LWA5.9).
2. T. Dascalu, G. Croitoru, O. V. Grigore, and N. Pavel, “Multiple-Beam Output High-Peak Power Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG Laser for Laser Ignition,” International Conference on Space Optics, ICSO 2016, 18-21 Oct. 2016, Biarritz, France (presentation 254, poster presentation; page 25 of the conference program: http://www.icso2016.com/programme/detailed-programme/).
The summary of this presentation is available here:      pdf
1. G. Croitoru (Salamu), O. V. Grigore, T. Dascalu, and N. Pavel, “Passively Q-switched Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG laser with multiple-beam output,” The 4th Laser Ignition Conference, 17-20 May 2016, Pacifico Yokohama, Yokohama, Japan, presentation LICp-1 (poster presentation). (page 101 of http://opic-opic.sakura.ne.jp/opic2016/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/OPIC2016FinalProgram.pdf)
The summary of this presentation is available here:      pdf

- OTHERS
2.  A two page editorial with the title “Laser focus ignites fuel efficiency was published in the EU Research magazine, Spring 2018 edition.
- The article is available at:         https://issuu.com/euresearcher/docs/eur15_digital_magazine_final, pages 72-73
.
-
Social media sharing link:        https://issuu.com/eu_research/docs/lasig-twin_eur15_h_res
The editorial is available here:      pdf
1.  Poster participation at the “The Romanian Research Salon, Conceived in Romania”, The Parliament House, Bucharest, October 25-27, 2017.

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Laboratory of Solid-State Quantum Electronics